Wednesday, October 26, 2011

Effects of population Growth

Population growth is root cause of inflation. RBI can't combat inflation by rate hikes. Population growth will make rich richer and poor poorer. Many wealthy Indians are buying properties in US and Europe at cheaper rates. But poor people in India can't do it. Corporates should increase profit by competing with foreign companies and not by exploiting increase in demand-supply mismatch due to population growth.

Regional political parties in Mumbai are protesting against migration because they fear that they will loss control of their city. Birth-rate of Mumbai is less. But still population is increasing due to migration. This can happen to Ernakulam district also if people from Malapuram migrate to Ekm. High birth-rate of villages are causing trouble to people of cities also.

In India 90% parents who have more than 2 children are either illiterate or poor or both. They can't provide good food and education to their children. They force their children to do child labour. People who talk about right of parents for having more children are not concerned about rights of children.

Majority of highly qualified malayalees work abroad or in other states. Some of them park their money abroad. This is affecting productivity of our state. Projects like smart city will help bring these people back to our state. This will increase tax income of our state. But for that we will have to free some land for accommodating them.

Can the earth support 7 billion population?

The world population reached one billion during early 1800s which is hundreds of thousands of years after the origin of human beings.. Population reached 2 billion after another 120 years. In the past 50 years population doubled from 3 billion in 1959 to 6 billion in 1998. This is the highest rate of population growth in history.

Growth should be measured according to prosperity and how well we satisfy human needs. Growth should not be measured according to population or GDP growth. Growth should be achieved preserving our biological and physical environment.

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World population may hit 15 billion: UN

The world's population will rise to at least 10 billion by 2100 from current seven billion. According to the United Nations a slightly higher than expected birth rates could rise population to 15 billion.

The UNPopulation Fund (UNFPA) in their report warned that population growth will cause challenges for reducing poverty and conservation of the environment. The reoprt is important as it came just before ceremonies to mark the seven billionth human alive will be conducted on October 31. According to their new estimates population will reach 9.3 billion by 2050. This is a sharp increase compared to old estimates. According to their old estimates population will only reach 10 billion by the end of this century.

The report also added that a slight variation in fertility could take population to 10.6 billion by 2050 and more than 15 billion in 2100.

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women's code bill

രണ്ടില്‍ കൂടുതല്‍ കുട്ടികളുള്ളവര്‍ക്ക് സര്‍ക്കാര്‍ ധനസഹായങ്ങളൊന്നും ലഭ്യമാക്കരുതെന്ന് ജസ്റ്റിസ് വി.ആര്‍. കൃഷ്ണയ്യര്‍ ചെയര്‍മാനായ കമ്മീഷന്റെ റിപ്പോര്‍ട്ട്. രണ്ടില്‍ കൂടുതല്‍ കുട്ടികള്‍ വേണമെന്ന രീതിയിലുള്ള പ്രചാരണങ്ങള്‍ ശിക്ഷാര്‍ഹമായി കണക്കാക്കണമെന്നും റിപ്പോര്‍ട്ടിലൂടെ കമ്മീഷന്‍ സര്‍ക്കാരിനോട് നിര്‍ദേശിച്ചിട്ടുണ്ട്. ഗര്‍ഭനിരോധന മാര്‍ഗങ്ങള്‍ കല്യാണ സമയത്ത് സൗജന്യമായി ലഭ്യമാക്കണമെന്നും സ്ത്രീകളുടെയും കുട്ടികളുടെയും ക്ഷേമത്തിനായുള്ള കമ്മീഷന്‍ റിപ്പോര്‍ട്ടില്‍ നിര്‍ദേശമുണ്ട്.

'നാം രണ്ട് നമുക്ക് രണ്ട്' നയം പരാജയപ്പെടുത്തുക എന്ന ലക്ഷ്യത്തോടെ കരുതിക്കൂട്ടി പ്രവര്‍ത്തിക്കുന്നവര്‍ക്ക് 10,000 രൂപ പിഴയോ മൂന്ന് മാസം തടവോ ശിക്ഷ നല്‍കണമെന്നാണ് റിപ്പോര്‍ട്ട് അനുശാസിക്കുന്നത്. റിപ്പോര്‍ട്ടിലൂടെ കമ്മീഷന്‍ സര്‍ക്കാരിനോട് സുരക്ഷിതമായ ഗര്‍ഭഛിദ്രം അനുവദിക്കണമെന്നും വാദിക്കുന്നുണ്ട്. ആരോഗ്യ രംഗത്തെ നിയമങ്ങള്‍ക്കനുസൃതമായി ആശുപത്രികള്‍വഴി സൗജന്യമായി ഗര്‍ഭഛിദ്രം അനുവദിക്കണമെന്നാണ് കമ്മീഷന്റെ ശുപാര്‍ശ.


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What is family planning?

Family planning is the planning done by husband and wife on when to have children and how many children should they have. This is done by using different techniques to prevent unwanted pregnancy. Govt. of densely populated countries encorage family planning through sexuality education.

Various services done by Govt. to help family planning are educational, medical and social activities which help people to decide the number of children and spacing between children and to select the technique to achieve that.